Brookshire Chapter One Quiz

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1. Which of the following is NOT a landmark on the cranial vault?
corpus callosum
crista galli
foramun magnum


2. The tentorium cerebelli is part of the:
pia mater
dura mater
arachoid


3. Below which layer is cerebral spinal fluid found
pia mater
dura mater
arachoid


4. Which of the following results in symptoms which are the most fleeting?
TIA
RIND
PRIND


5. The basilar artery is formed from the joining of which arteries?
internal carotids
external carotids
common carotids
vertebrals
anterior cerebrals


6. Which of the following is considered the most malignant types of brain tumor
gliomas
astrocytomas
glioblastoma multiforme
meningioma


7. Watershed areas in the brain refer to areas where:
blood supply overlaps
CSF collects after injury
CSF is normally produced


8. The connective fibers that provide links between the brain hemispheres are called:
association fibers
gyri
sulci
commissures
fasciculi


9. Which artery supplies the areas of the brain most critical for communication?
Right posterior cerebral artery
Left middle cerebral artery
Right anterior cerebral artery
Posterior communicating artery


10. Subarachnoid hemorrhages are most often caused by:
leaking or ruptured blood vessels
penetrating head injuries
closed head injuries


11. The primary somatosensory cortex is located in which lobe?
frontal
parietal
temporal
occipital


12. The primary auditory cortex is located in which lobe?
frontal
parietal
temporal
occipital


13. The Circle of Willis will help maintain blood supply to the cerebral arteries if the blockage occurs:
above (superior to) the Circle of Willis
below (inferior to) the Circle of Willis


14. An embolic stroke occurs because of:
a rupture of an artery or vein
a build up of plaque on arterial walls
a sudden blockage to an artery


15. Which are the most common types of cells in the central nervous system?
glial cells
neurons
muscle cells
connective tissue


16. Which of the following structures is/are NOT part of the diencephalon?
thalamus
caudate
basal ganglia
brain stem


17. Herniation refers to:
penetrating head injuries
brain tissue pushed out of or against the cranium
a stroke


18. The cerebellum is thought to be involved primarily with:
personality
motor control
visual perception


19. How many ventricles are there?
two
three
four


20. Which brainstem structure is also known as the "bulb"?
thalamus
pons
medulla
cerebellum